Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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His grandfather was especially renowned. He positioned himself as a bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world.

asnur Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. He historicizes Qur’anic verses the same way classical scholars have done through the concept of abrogation Naskh and occasions of revelation Asbab al-Nuzulbut takes the Maqasid al-Shari’ah welfare objectives of the Islamic law into account where a restriction on freedom of religion would violate the preservation of religion and intellect Hifz al-Din wa al-‘Aql.

Ibn Ashur: Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shari’ah

However, its intent is universal and so must be intelligible everywhere. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker. However, in Ibn ‘Ashur’s interpretation, 9: He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. He worried that taking a solitary ahad hadith in isolation from the body of shari’ah would end the quest for understanding in context.


It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences.

Further, while written words are less subject to distortion, the spoken word is actually more likely to convey the speaker’s intent.

He said, “Ijtihad is a collective duty fard al-kifayah on the community according to the measure of need in the community’s countries and situations.

This article has multiple issues. He thus turns the classical reading around, while still connecting the Prophetic history with the Qur’anic text in a more logical way. Ibn Ashur intended ashurr work to be relevant for the modern world. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour. Preferring a solitary hadith over a rational deduction based on context would be problematic.

Responding to modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education. One of the most fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in at age By using this site, you agree ashhur the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

He understands verses 9: He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schoolsto address the needs of the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.


Ibn Ashur saw this literal-mindedness to be represented by the Zahiri position. Ibn Ashur claimed that the basis of shari’ah must be rational. He said, “One of the greatest things required by the universality of the shari’ah is that its rules be equal for all the communities following it to the utmost extent possible, because similarity in the flow of rules and laws is a help for achieving group unity in the community.

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Muhammad Al-Tahir Ibn ‘Ashur – Wikidata

He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities. In contrast, the return of generations to Medina to assess the meaning of a statement shows the importance of understanding context.

He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity.

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This tells us that the law is based on reason.