Secondary angle closure glaucoma resulting from total anterior synechia leads to gradual bulging of the cornea. Corneal exposure can result in chronic keratitis. Looking for online definition of anterior staphyloma in the Medical Dictionary? anterior staphyloma explanation free. What is anterior staphyloma? Meaning of. histopathological features of congenital corneal staphyloma are discussed, as well as the possible anteroposterior length, with an abnormal anterior segment .

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Defective vision occurs due to marked corneal astigmatism. At the beginning of his crack cocaine abuse, he noticed redness and irritation of his eyes. Rarely staphylomas can be caused by surgical weakening of the sclera at some point.

July 30, ; Accepted: Corneal exposure can result in chronic keratitis, epithelial metaplasia and keratinization. On the first postoperative day, ocular hypertension developed and medical treatment was initiated. The ectatic corneal protrusion is lined on its inner surface by uveal tissue causing the blue hue.

Anterior staphyloma | definition of anterior staphyloma by Medical dictionary

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest: Corneal epithelial defects after smoking crack cocaine. A new technique for corneal mushroom grafts and its indication. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. It results due to ectasia of weak scar tissue formed at the limbus, following healing of a perforating injury or a peripheral corneal ulcer.


The few treatment options staphylma anterior staphyloma include penetrating keratoplasty, sclerokeratoplasty, and dural patch 6 – 8. The opaque cornea showed surface keratinization and a cystic forward projection measuring 16 mm.

Articles lacking sources from January All articles lacking sources. The appearance of the protruded area was similar to a blueberry in color, size, and shape Figure 1. Most Viewed content is not available. This article does not cite any sources.

Slit-lamp examination of the right eye revealed an inflamed conjunctiva, a total epithelial defect, a large 5. He was the result of a normal full-term pregnancy and anterlor had been no ocular discharge at birth.

Left eye examination revealed inferior superficial punctate keratopathy without the evidence of an infection. A few cases of acquired anterior staphyloma associated with drug abuse have been reported in the literature.

B Acquired anterior staphyloma following a corneal ulcer with a severe bulging of the right eye at the time of the surgery. Our patient underwent a large sclerokeratoplasty; however, because of the loss to follow-up, we do not know the possible complications he could postoperatively develop. Keloid tumor of the cornea. Chronic corneal inflammation may also cause keloid formation in staphylomatous corneas 5 and a dermis-like choristoma has also been reported. Treatment consists of localised staphylectomy under heavy doses of oral steroids.

Acquired anterior staphylomas most frequently occurs because of untreated perforated ulcers 1.

The patient was hospitalized to ensure compliance with the prescribed treatment and was advised to undergo therapeutic keratoplasty; however, the patient left the hospital against medical advice and was lost to follow-up for the next 6 months.


The crystalline lens was found to be in place. The spectrum of associated ocular and systemic malformations. He was otherwise quite well with no systemic symptoms, and his general medical history was unremarkable. The protrusion is generally black in colour, due to the inner layers of the eye. Unsourced material may be staphylomq and removed. He was homeless and admitted to using crack cocaine daily over the past 4 months.

Irritation caused by caustic fumes promotes mechanical trauma from vigorous eye rubbing on the face of an already altered epithelial framework and hypoesthetic state.

anterior staphyloma

Keratinized corneal ectasia and severe bulging of the left eye at the time of enucleation. Not every question will receive a direct response from an ophthalmologist. How common is retinal detachment for people with high myopia? Staphyloma is an abnormal protrusion of the uveal tissue through a weak point of the eye.

Anterior staphylomas are rarely observed in patients with Peters anomaly 2. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The stroma is edematous, vascu-larized and diffusely infiltrated by acute and chronic inflammatory cells.